One great concern for riding instructors and trainers is the potential for an accident to happen to a student or a bystander. You worry that you may be sued or have a claim for bodily injury or property damage. If sued, you may need to hire a lawyer to defend yourself. If found negligent and responsible for an accident, you may be responsible for the cost of the claim. Independent Contractor Horse Riding Instructors and Trainers have a strong need to be insured for their activities and exposures to liability. This is because your business services are fairly high risk and provided in a unique way. The level of liability risk is fairly high because students and horse owners can become injured while learning, and the exposure is greater if the instructor is providing a lesson horse or teaching someone to ride a horse at an early stage of training. The uniqueness comes from several factors. Independent Contractors [I.C.] perform some or all of their instruction and training services at one or more locations they do not own. Independents operate under one contract with the stables and under another with their students and horse owners. Another concern is that I.C. Instructors often borrow or “rent” a school horse for hourly use in exchange for a fee or lessons. Not only should you be concerned for your financial protection, but the stable owner will also want to be protected against your activities at their premises. Therefore, the stable owner(s) will usually require you to carry a liability policy that lists the stable as additional insured. Fortunately much concern can be relieved when you buy a COMMERCIAL GENERAL LIABILITY POLICY [GL] to insure your unique teaching or training activities.
If you instruct or train at only one location, the stable owner may be able to insure you (by name) at a nominal premium in the stable’s liability policy, if allowed by the stable’s Insurer. The limitation is that you are only insured while working at that location. If insuring yourself in this way, be sure to secure proof from the stable that you are insured and that your name is listed in the policy. The downsides to this method are: You are only insured while working at that one specific stable. 2. You will not be insured for teaching or training you may do at your home location or at any other location. 3. The policy will not insure your personal horse activities. So if you work at more than one stable and own horses, it is best to carry your own liability policy to insure you at all locations and include your personal horse activities. When carrying your own policy, the stable owners will usually ask to be named in your policy as Additional Insured, and they will want proof of coverage. By adding them as an Additional Insured, they will also be insured for liability but only in relation to your activities at the stable location or performed on the stable’s behalf. Your policy should not be expected to insure the stable for its activities and negligence. Because of the complex nature of I.C. arrangements, we recommend that I.C.s only operate from stables that are insured for liability.
If you are an instructor, coach or trainer who operates primarily at your own premises, go to Horse Instruction, Coaching and Training Services Liability Insurance page on this website for more information.
Qualified Instructors and Trainers also have a Professional Liability exposure. The more you know and the more you present yourself to the public as an expert, the higher your Professional Liability exposure will be. Most insurers do not provide this important coverage, but we are able to provide Professional Liability Insurance on your general liability policy by endorsement, and there is a separate nominal premium charge for it.
Horse trainers also have a Care, Custody & Control Liability exposure. This is because a horse in training may become injured or sick while in the trainer’s care. The trainer could be held liable for related expenses, and be required to pay for the horse if it dies. Instructors who teach on non-owned school horses they borrow may have this exposure too. We are able to offer this coverage by endorsement on your GL policy, and will quote it to you if you complete the Care, Custody & Control section of the application. This coverage is optional and there is a separate nominal premium charge for it. Note that non-owned horses cannot be covered this way if they are leased by you. When you lease a horse you become its temporary owner and this situation requires the horse to be insured for loss and injury by a Horse Mortality and Major Medical Insurance Policy.
As a stable property renter, you may not have access to property insurance for tack, equipment and machinery you use in your business. Ark Agency can insure these items by adding a Property Coverage Endorsement to the General Liability Policy. Additional premium is charged for this endorsement and the items and values must be declared in the application process.
Horse activities are reasonably safe compared to many other activities people participate in. Yet, horse-human activities do have inherent risks. Accidents do happen when people at different stages of capability attempt to touch, handle, train, ride, drive and control large animals that are unpredictable even when well trained. And some horse-human accidents are serious. Even with the best of intentions and management practices, anyone can have a claim made against them and be sued.
No one wants someone to be injured on or in relation to their property or business operations. No one plans to have an accident that results in a liability claim they are responsible for. Yet, you still must plan against and for an accident, and there is a five-pronged strategy you should follow:
Equine Activities Immunities Laws have been passed in 46 states. While these laws may help you avoid liability, they will not usually thwart a determined injured party from pursuing a claim or law suit. This is because to receive immunity under the law, the activity sponsor must have performed in a specific way according to what the law requires. And often immunity is determined through some type of expensive legal proceeding that can result in a large, often uncontrolled expense to an uninsured stable owner. You still need to be properly insured for liability.
The General Liability Policy provides specified maximum limits or amounts of liability insurance for:
Medical Expense: Pays for a claimant’s low cost medical expense with few questions asked about your liability, responsibility or connection in the matter.
Legal Defense Costs: Today court costs and hiring of a lawyer can quickly mount to $50,000 or more, an expense you do not want to come out of your pocket if you are sued and have to hire a lawyer. If sued in relation to the insured activity, the policy provides legal defense whether the case has merit or not.
Settlement or Claims Costs: Pays bodily injury and property damage claims for which you are held responsible.
1. A student rider or handler becoming injured during or in relation to instruction. The greatest potential hazard lies in the fact that the student needs to progress in their learning, but to do so they must take moderate chances and perform in ways they’ve not done before. Trainers can have the same thing occur when trying to teach someone how to handle or ride a horse they are training. Students sometimes simply lose their balance and fall or will just bail off the horse. They often fail to apply proper cues to control or guide the horse – some may be too harsh and hurt the horse and the horse reacts. While on the ground, a student can be bitten, kicked, bumped, dragged, fallen on, or stepped on. Incidents often occur during a gait transition or when jumping or maneuvering over obstacles. It can take a while for a student to learn balance, a secure seat and good horse handling instincts. To protect themselves, horses will often run forward, stop suddenly, jump sideways, rear up, buck or crow hop. Common injuries are soft tissue, broken arm, injured tail bone or back, bruised or broken ribs, shoulder, and sometimes head injury.
2. Horses in training become injured or may even die while in the trainer’s care, custody or control. Horses can become injured during the training process when challenged to learn something new or are handled or integrated into a strange environment. Borrowed school horses can be injured while the instructor is preparing for or teaching a lesson. A student’s horse can become injured when the instructor rides it for behavior and gait assessment or correction purposes.
3. A horse gets away from the trainer or instructor at a show, runs into the road and is hit by a car. The horse must usually be destroyed, while property damage to the car and bodily injuries to passengers can result in a sizeable claim.
Your insurance needs are unique, therefore we believe in person to person service. Call or e-mail an Ark Agency Representative for an estimated premium, policy and company details, and qualification requirements. We work with several insurance companies and rates and coverage conditions vary. We will help you determine which application to use and advise on how to put insurance in force.
*General information is provided on this insurance topic. Acting on our coverage recommendations does not guarantee coverage if you have a loss or claim.